El Portal Porcelana
"For People Passionate About Spanish Porcelain"
A Collector's Book of Retired Lladró
Genuine Figurines & Their Marks
by Peggy Whiteneck
Deals with all Lladró brands!
For those interested in glass figurines, Fenton Art Glass Beasts, Birds & Butterflies
is another of Peggy's books!
Also for those interested in glass, Fenton Art Glass Fairy Lamps & Lights
is Peggy's latest book! It focuses on small, candle-lit "lamps" that were first used in the
Victorian era to light dark hallways before the invention of gaslight or electricity.
The publisher for these works has gone out of business, but I am pursuing
other publishing options for revised and expanded editions of all three. Stay tuned! In the
meantime, you can still find advance-ordered and used copies of these books at online booksellers.
Glossary of Terms in 20th Century Spanish Porcelain
- A mark that appears as a colored stamp, usually
applied as a paint "chip" that then opens out as the mark during kiln firing.
- Sometimes used interchangeably with the term "matte"
but more properly reserved to an unglazed porcelain that is completely
white and unpainted
- Sometimes used as a synonym for porcelain, but
porcelain is actually one type among many included in the broader term
"ceramic." Some ceramics are made of a soft and relatively brittle paste.
Not allc eramics, then, are made of porcelain.
- A shiny surface produced by the thin (usually spray-applied)
application of a clear glaze
- A series of Lladró sculptures by Enrique San Isidro
and made of a porcelain formula that is claylike and malleable. It holds the
imprint of the artist's fingers as well as the pattern of whatever textile is
pressed into it as it is being worked.
- A special porcelain formula characterized by matte, usually
earthen-toned colors and having portions colored with enamel paints
"Repose" (#22169) is done in the Gres formula.
First issued in 1987, it is being produced today at a retail price of
$225 USD. Note the earthen-toned colors and the matte skin surfaces,
which are typically also done in darker colors, making this formula especially
well suited to the depiction of ethnic themes. (A larger picture of this
item can be seen on the "Slide Show" page.)(Photo by the author from
her own collection.)
- Flowers applied to fine porcelain. Application is usually made with liquid porcelain or porcelain
glaze so that the adhesive is invisible.
- Hard-paste porcelain
- As distinguished from soft-paste or
semi-porcelain, "hard-paste" (so called for its durability both pre- and
post-manufacture) is also called "true porcelain," the formula for which
was discovered/invented in China centuries ago. The code for this formula
was eventually cracked
by 18th century Meissen chemists in Germany. Its key
ingredients are kaolin clay and petunse stone. Today, Lladró uses
basically the same ancient formula for true porcelain (with a few arcane additions
of its own to the formula) and the same
molding and assembly processes used by Meissen since the 18th century.
- The attribution information on the base of fine porcelain,
typically consisting of manufacturer's name and place of manufacture and some
sort of manufacturer's logo. Marks may be inscribed (etched), embossed (raised),
painted, or stamped. (See "backstamp.")
- Unglazed surface (see also "Bisque")
- A "one-of-a-kind" item that never went into actual
- An item of second-quality merchandise, typically sold by
high-end porcelain manufacturers at the factory of origin and usually indicated
by an alteration of the mark. On Lladró, this would be
the scraping off of the logo flower above the name. A common way to indicate
a second at other porcelain manufactories (including Meissen and Royal
Copenhagen) is through a slash or hash scratched through the mark.
- Porcelain in its liquid form
A Collector's Book of Retired Lladró
by Peggy Whiteneck
Old Line Publishing, LLC
The publisher for this book has ceased publication, and I am now at work on a revised
and expanded edition, with a couple of promising leads for a new publishing option.
For the moment, then, this book will only be available on the retail market from
advance-ordered stock. You can still buy it used - but avoid the scalpers
and DO NOT PAY HUNDREDS OF DOLLARS FOR THESE SECOND-HAND BOOKS! There are plenty of
reasonably priced secondary market copies still available at online book sellers. Stay tuned to
this site for future news on the revised edition!
Ever since its founding in the 1950s and its subsequent, stellar rise to global prominence,
collectors have been fascinated with the singular modeling and attention to detail in
Lladró Spanish porcelain figurines. Eventually, collectors discovered that Lladró
wasn't just one brand, but several. At the same time, other companies began to sprout up all
over Spain, particularly around Lladró's own region in Valencia, working
"in the Lladró style" and hoping to catch a ride on the tailwinds of its popularity.
This book is written to acquaint readers with retired figurines in all the Lladró and
Lladró-affiliated brands and to help distinguish them from the work of other Spanish
companies. The book features substantive chapters on the Lladró "core brand,"
NAO by Lladró, Zaphir, Golden Memories, Rosal, and Hispania, complete with
representative photos for each brand.
Retail Price: $29.95
The logo background and side border graphic on this site are provided courtesy
of Absolute Background Textures Archive (www.grsites.com/textures). All other
content and graphics on this site are © Peggy Whiteneck. No reproduction
of any part of this content is permitted without the express permission of the
web site author.